Is it possibile to run two different operating systems on the two ARM cores in Altera V SOC?
I'm thinking of (some flavour of) linux kernel running on one core, and FreeRTOS (or some other minimalistic realt time operating system) on the other, sharing some memory space.
Something close to this (image reaped from http://www.wiki.xilinx.com/Multi-OS+Support+%28AMP+%26+Hypervisor%29):
In case, could you suggest some developement board to start experiencing with?
yes you can do this.
It's an ubiquitous way dual core platforms are used today.
One tricky side of doing this is to make sure there are no overlapping memory, except for the shared area.
With the Cyclone V you'll also have to modify the U-BOOT start-up environment variable / script to load the code on each core and get the system up and running.