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Compact Flash

Compact Flash

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The CF component is in the later Quartus SOPC builder. But the standard example designs do not include it.

Regenerate in SOPC and compile again.

The CF controller component should be named as "cf", otherwise you have to modify linux-2.6/arch/nios2/kernel/config.c .

Use the new sof and ptf, do vendor_hwselect and menuconfig for the kernel, select scsi disk and pata platform driver, and we want FAT support in this example,

SCSI device support --->  

[*] SCSI disk support

[*] Serial ATA (prod) and Parallel ATA (experimental) drivers -->

[ ]  SATA Port Multiplier support   <== unselect

[*]  ATA SFF support

[*]    Generic platform device PATA support

File systems --> 

DOS/FAT/NT Filesystems ---> 

[*] MSDOS fs support 

[*] VFAT (Windows-95) fs support 

(437) Default codepage for FAT 

(iso8859-1) Default iocharset for FAT

Native Language Support -->

(iso8859-1) Default NLS Option 

[*] Codepage 437 (United States, Canada) 

[*] NLS ISO 8859-1 (Latin 1; Western European Languages)

Rebuild the kernel image for initramfs, boot nios2 uClinux, and it should detected the cf drive. assume part1 on the CF, /dev/sda1, is preformated FAT,

scsi0 : pata_platform

ata1: PATA max PIO0 mmio cmd 0x1000000 ctl 0x1000038 irq 7

ata1.00: CFA: Flash Card, 2N3-0925, max PIO2

ata1.00: 503808 sectors, multi 0: LBA 

ata1.00: configured for PIO

ata1.00: configured for PIO

ata1: EH complete

scsi 0:0:0:0: Direct-Access    ATA     Flash Card      2N3- PQ: 0 ANSI: 5

sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] 503808 512-byte hardware sectors (258 MB)

sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off

sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write cache: disabled, read cache: enabled, doesn't support DPO or FUA

sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] 503808 512-byte hardware sectors (258 MB)

sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off

sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write cache: disabled, read cache: enabled, doesn't support DPO or FUA

 sda: sda1

sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Attached SCSI removable disk


mount -t vfat /dev/sda1 /mnt

Or if the windows formats the CF without part,

mount -t vfat /dev/sda /mnt

after you finish the access, you must umount to flush the disk cache, or the data might lose.

umount /mnt

If you want to connect to IDE HDD or CD/DVDRW interface, fewer signals are required than CF. If you use Altera dev board, you may find some 40 pins headers which can be used to connect to IDE drives. You need to add CF component in SOPC builder, assign the pins, and regenerate sof.

.addr_from_the_cf_0 (da),

.cs_n_from_the_cf_0 (cs),

.data_cf_to_and_from_the_cf_0 (dd),

.detect_n_to_the_cf_0 (1'b0),

.intrq_to_the_cf_0 (intrq),

.iord_n_from_the_cf_0 (dior),

.iordy_to_the_cf_0 (iordy),

.iowr_n_from_the_cf_0 (diow),

.reset_n_cf_from_the_cf_0 (reset)


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Revision #:
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Last update:
‎06-25-2019 03:01 PM
Updated by:
 
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