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undefined reference to `sgemm' Eigen3 + MKL

Hi,

I have a project that runs fine in Windows with Eigen 3. When enabling MKL in Visual Studio with EIGEN_USE_MKL_ALL, I see speed-ups of about 5-15 percent.

When trying to get this to run in Linux, it causes problems during linking. I am using Eigen3 (3.2.92) together with MKL (2017.4.196)  in an Ubuntu 14.04 project. For the preprocessor I defined in the CMakeFile:

ADD_DEFINITIONS(-DEIGEN_USE_MKL_ALL)   - I also tried instead ADD_DEFINITIONS(-DEIGEN_USE_BLAS)  as this is the part I am benefitting the most.

For CXX_CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS I added -D TBB_USE_THREADING_TOOLS -DMKL_LP64

Added include directory: /opt/intel/compilers_and_libraries/linux/mkl/include

Added linker directory: /opt/intel/compilers_and_libraries/linux/mkl/lib/intel64

TARGET_LINK_LIBRARIES(visualizer mkl_core mkl_tbb_thread mkl_def mkl_intel_lp64 mkl_intel_ilp64 tbb  ${catkin_LIBRARIES} ${SDL2_LIBRARIES} ${OPENGL_LIBRARIES} ${GLEW_LIBRARIES}  ${PNG_LIBRARY} ${PROJECT_NAME} )

I also tried just using intel_lp64 or just using intel_ilp64, which doesn't seem to change the behaviour of this. What is the difference anyway?

 

When I build it (using catkin build), I get the following:

/home/elch/catkin-ws2/devel/.private/o_m/lib/libo_m.a(Qq.cpp.o): In function `Eigen::internal::general_matrix_matrix_product<long, float, 0, false, float, 0, false, 0>::run(long, long, long, float const*, long, float const*, long, float*, long, float, Eigen::internal::level3_blocking<float, float>&, Eigen::internal::GemmParallelInfo<long>*)':
/usr/include/eigen3/Eigen/src/Core/products/GeneralMatrixMatrix_MKL.h:112: undefined reference to `sgemm'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
make[2]: *** [/home/elch/catkin-ws2/devel/.private/o_m/lib/o_m/visualizer] Error 1
make[1]: *** [CMakeFiles/visualizer.dir/all] Error 2
make: *** [all] Error 2

Any advice?

Thanks!

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Hi Daniel, 

The sgemm is in the library mkl_intel_lp64.so 

>nm libmkl_intel_lp64.so | grep sgemm

 00000000001357b0 T sgemm

 

If possible, could you please post the link line when you build the project?  

especially.  the line of  TARGET_LINK_LIBRARIES(visualizer mkl_core mkl_tbb_thread mkl_def mkl_intel_lp64 mkl_intel_ilp64 tbb 

Generally, you can find the wanted MKL library by   https://software.intel.com/en-us/articles/intel-mkl-link-line-advisor

for example, 

 -L${MKLROOT}/lib/intel64 -Wl,--no-as-needed -lmkl_intel_lp64 -lmkl_tbb_thread -lmkl_core -ltbb -lstdc++ -lpthread -lm -ldl  (the order does matter). 

Under windows the library name  is  mkl_intel_lp64.lib  etc. 

Under linux  the library name is libmkl_intel_lp64. a .

So please check  how the Cmake to parse the link  line:   ARGET_LINK_LIBRARIES(visualizer mkl_core.  ...) 

Best Regards,

Ying

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Hi Ying,

thanks for your fast reply!

The issue resolved itself now. I had been building another library in the same CMakeFile, which also used MKL, but forgot to add the MKL libraries there :/. Now that it is added, it works fine! :)

Thanks and best regards,

  Dnaiel

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