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Honored Contributor I

OSCPUUsage higher than 100?

I wanted to measure maximal and average CPU usage in my design by checking the global variable OSCPUUsage. Therefore, I made a simple application containing 3 tasks doing some dummy array reading/writing/copying + one main task that displays CPU load values on a LCD screen. I use an INK board with MicroC/OS-II. 


The trouble is that the maximal CPU usage value is higher than 100! While debugging the design and putting a breakpoint inside OSTaskStat, I can see that the first non-zero value of OSCPUUsage is higher than 100. All the next values calculated in this task are much lower. 


My questions are: what causes such high OSCPUUsage values? Should I change the measurement method I use or treat it as a mistake? 


#include <stdio.h># include "includes.h"# include "system.h"# include "altera_avalon_lcd_16207_regs.h"# include "altera_avalon_pio_regs.h" /* Definition of Task Stacks */# define TASK_STACKSIZE 2048 OS_STK task0_stk; OS_STK task1_stk; OS_STK task2_stk; OS_STK task3_stk; /* Definition of Task Priorities */# define TASK0_PRIORITY 1# define TASK1_PRIORITY 2# define TASK2_PRIORITY 3# define TASK3_PRIORITY 4 /*Adjustable parameters*/# define ARRAY_NUM 2000# define DELAY_MS 200 //delay of the task that displays OSCPUUsage on LCD screen# define AVG_SAMPLES 100 /* SRAM data */ int CopyArray1 ; int CopyArray2 ; /*CPU load statistics*/ int CPUUsageMax=0; int CPUUsageAvg=0; int CPUUsageSum=0; int CPUUsageDiv=0; /*Task prototypes*/ void task0 (void* pdata); void task1 (void* pdata); void task2 (void* pdata); void task3 (void* pdata); FILE* lcd; void task0(void*pdata) { OSStatInit(); OSTaskCreateExt(task1, NULL, &task1_stk, TASK1_PRIORITY, TASK1_PRIORITY, task1_stk, TASK_STACKSIZE, NULL, 0); OSTaskCreateExt(task2, NULL, &task2_stk, TASK2_PRIORITY, TASK2_PRIORITY, task2_stk, TASK_STACKSIZE, NULL, 0); OSTaskCreateExt(task3, NULL, &task3_stk, TASK3_PRIORITY, TASK3_PRIORITY, task3_stk, TASK_STACKSIZE, NULL, 0); while(1) { IOWR_ALTERA_AVALON_PIO_DATA(APPL_SUBSYSTEM_PIO_LED_RED_BASE, 0x1); //Display the maximal CPU usage and the average CPU usage from last AVG_SAMPLES measurements if (OSCPUUsage>CPUUsageMax) { //Maximal CPU usage: CPUUsageMax=OSCPUUsage; } if (CPUUsageDiv>=AVG_SAMPLES) //Average value of (AVG_SAMPLES) samples: { CPUUsageDiv=0; CPUUsageSum=0; CPUUsageAvg=0; } else { CPUUsageDiv++; CPUUsageSum+=OSCPUUsage; CPUUsageAvg=CPUUsageSum/CPUUsageDiv; } fprintf(lcd, "Max:%u Avg:%u \n", CPUUsageMax, CPUUsageAvg); OSTimeDlyHMSM(0, 0, 0, DELAY_MS); } } int main(void) { IOWR_ALTERA_AVALON_PIO_DATA(APPL_SUBSYSTEM_PIO_LED_RED_BASE, 0x0); lcd = fopen(APPL_SUBSYSTEM_LCD_NAME, "w"); OSInit(); OSTaskCreateExt(task0, NULL, &task0_stk, TASK0_PRIORITY, TASK0_PRIORITY, task0_stk, TASK_STACKSIZE, NULL, 0); OSStart(); fclose(lcd); return 0; } void task1(void* pdata) { while (1) { for (int i=0;i<ARRAY_NUM;i++) { //Some array operations performed just to check the CPU load CopyArray1=1; CopyArray2=CopyArray1; (void) CopyArray2; } //Sanity check: blinking LEDs IOWR_ALTERA_AVALON_PIO_DATA(APPL_SUBSYSTEM_PIO_LED_RED_BASE, 0x2); OSTimeDlyHMSM(0, 0, 0, 100); } } void task2(void* pdata) { while (1) { for (int i=0;i<ARRAY_NUM;i++) { CopyArray1=2; CopyArray2=CopyArray1; (void) CopyArray2; } IOWR_ALTERA_AVALON_PIO_DATA(APPL_SUBSYSTEM_PIO_LED_RED_BASE, 0x4); OSTimeDlyHMSM(0, 0, 0, 10); } } void task3(void*pdata) { while (1) { for (int i=0;i<ARRAY_NUM;i++) { CopyArray1=3; CopyArray2=CopyArray1; (void) CopyArray2; } IOWR_ALTERA_AVALON_PIO_DATA(APPL_SUBSYSTEM_PIO_LED_RED_BASE, 0x8); OSTimeDlyHMSM(0, 0, 0, 1); } }  



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