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Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
1,053 Views

Printing 32bit signed 2s complement data via JTAG UART

I'm trying to print out samples generated by the WM8731 audio codec on the DE2 board via the JTAG UART in a Nios II system. The samples are deserialized in Verilog HDL, squared (this is needed for a different module but it is the part that's not working) then transferred to the Nios system to be printed on the PC terminal. The C program to print out the data is: 

 

# define USB_Ctrl (volatile char *) 0x00005000 # define Data_in_1 (volatile char *) 0x00005010 # define Data_in_2 (volatile char *) 0x00005020 # define Data_in_3 (volatile char *) 0x00005030 # define Data_in_4 (volatile char *) 0x00005040 int main() { alt_32 data_1; alt_32 data_2; alt_32 data_3; alt_32 data_4; int sw = 0; while(1) { // Get data from FPGA system sw = *USB_Ctrl; data_1 = *Data_in_1; data_2 = *Data_in_2; data_3 = *Data_in_3; data_4 = *Data_in_4; // Only print out data if SW is HIGH if(sw) { printf("audR: %d \t audL: %d\t audL2: %d\t\t filt: %d\n", data_1, data_2, data_3, data_4); //printf("%d\n", data_1); } } return 0; }  

 

The only way I've been able to get it to properly print out negative numbers is to use volatile char * but char is only 8 bits and I need 32 bits. And then when audL is squared to get audL2, the results are always wrong for anything above 11 for some reason (ie it will properly square anything from +/- 0 to 11 but nothing else). Changing this to alt_32 doesn't print out the negative values (ie it will print 65534 instead of -2). What am I doing wrong?
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5 Replies
Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
67 Views

db800: probably your hardware is returning signed 16bit values. So you'll need to use (something equivalent to) 'volatile short' at some point.

Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
67 Views

Yes, the audio codec returns a 16bit signed 2s complement sample which I am sending to the Nios system to be printed over JTAG UART (after squaring it). 

 

Input signal: 2.4 Vpp, 500Hz, sine wave 

Using volatile char *: 

audR: 1 audL: -126 audL2: 4 audR: 2 audL: 94 audL2: -124 audR: 1 audL: 110 audL2: 68 audR: 1 audL: 11 audL2: 121 audR: -3 audL: 8 audL2: 64 audR: 2 audL: 7 audL2: 49 audR: -1 audL: -3 audL2: 9 audR: 0 audL: 12 audL2: -112  

Using volatile short * (obviously wrong results for audL2 since it is 32 bits but even audL is very different from char results): 

audR: 0 audL: 12949 audL2: -30023 audR: 1 audL: 956 audL2: -3568 audR: 1 audL: -12180 audL2: -21104 audR: -3 audL: 5486 audL2: 15172 audR: 0 audL: 11626 audL2: 28644 audR: 2 audL: -6731 audL2: 20985  

Using  

#define USB_Ctrl (volatile char *) 0x00005000 # define Data_in_1 (volatile alt_16 *) 0x00005010 // right channel samples # define Data_in_2 (volatile alt_16 *) 0x00005020 // left channel samples # define Data_in_3 (volatile alt_32 *) 0x00005030 // left channel samples squared # define Data_in_4 (volatile alt_32 *) 0x00005040 // filter results audR: -2 audL: 165 audL2: 27225 filt: 26076439 audR: -1 audL: 10419 audL2: 108555561 filt: 146741412 audR: -2 audL: -1139 audL2: 1297321 filt: 16184391 audR: -2 audL: 1243 audL2: 1545049 filt: 36079690  

Removes the negative results problem, but I don't know how to make sense of this sample data now. how do i properly convert these sample values to a real voltage? Since I'm using 16bits, the ADC has a resolution of -32768 to +32767. The step size would be Q = (3.6 - 1.8 V)/2^16 = 0.0000275 V = 0.0275 mV (I'm a little unsure of the input voltage range for WM8731, the datasheet says the analog supply range is 1.8-3.6V). Is this correct?
Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
67 Views

try feeding the ADC with a known voltage

Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
67 Views

I've been sending in a square wave and sine wave of varying amplitude (0 V up to 6.2 V). Clipping doesn't occur until 6.2 V so this must be the max input range (I appear to have been making a stupid mistake and taking the chip supply voltage as the input signal voltage). Multiplying the samples by Q = (6.2 - 0V)/2^16 = 0.0946 now gives me the proper results (I hope!). 

 

2 Vpp, 1Khz, square wave input signal gives me ADC samples of approximately +/- 1000, which I assume is +/- 1V. Varying the input amplitude to 3 Vpp gives ADC samples of +/- 1500 which also appears correct. 

 

However, a secondary problem has shown up: DC input signals don't work. The ADC samples remain approximately 0 even with a varying DC input. I configured the WM8731 codec to disable the ADC high pass filter but it still appears to be removing the DC signal... 

 

 

--- Quote Start ---  

From the datasheet: 

When the high-pass filter is enabled the dc offset is continuously calculated and subtracted from the input signal. By setting HPOR the last calculated dc offset value is stored when the high-pass filter is disable and will continue to be subtracted from the input signal 

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Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
67 Views

You can use the Vpp data from your square waves for the calculation.

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