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Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
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Wrong Timeout Value with ARM A9 private timer.

Hello, 

I am starting a bare-metal development on DE0-Nano-SoC_Computer. 

I use the development tool: DS5 AE. 

I begin by a timer program found in the document “DE0-Nano-SoC Computer System with ARM Cortex-A9”: 

 

 

 

 

equ bit_24_pattern, 0x01000000 

 

 

 

 

 

/* this program provides a simple example of code for the arm a9. it: 

 

 

 

 

 

* 1. starts the arm a9 private timer 

 

 

 

 

 

* 2. loops forever, toggling the hps green light ledg when the timer expires 

 

 

 

 

 

*/ 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.text 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.global _start 

 

 

 

 

 

_start: 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ldr r0, =0xff709000 // gpio1 base address 

 

 

 

 

 

ldr r1, =0xfffec600 // mpcore private timer base address 

 

 

 

 

 

ldr r2, =bit_24_pattern // value to turn on the hps green light ledg 

 

 

 

 

 

str r2, [r0,# 0x4] // write to the data direction register to set 

 

 

 

 

 

// bit 24 (ledg) of gpio1 to be an output 

 

 

 

 

 

ldr r3, =200000000 // timeout = 1/(200 mhz) x 200×10∧6 = 1 sec 

 

 

 

 

 

str r3, [r1] // write to timer load register 

 

 

 

 

 

mov r3,# 0b011 // set bits: mode = 1 (auto), enable = 1 

 

 

 

 

 

str r3, [r1,# 0x8] // write to timer control register 

 

 

 

 

 

loop: 

 

 

 

 

 

 

str r2, [r0] // turn on/off ledg 

 

 

 

 

 

wait: ldr r3, [r1,# 0xc] // read timer status 

 

 

 

 

 

cmp r3,# 0 

 

 

 

 

 

beq wait // wait for timer to expire 

 

 

 

 

 

str r3, [r1,# 0xc] // reset timer flag bit 

 

 

 

 

 

eor r2, r2,# bit_24_pattern // toggle ledg value 

 

 

 

 

 

b loop 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.end 

 

 

 

 

 

The timeout is not 1 sec but about 40 sec. the good value is 5 000 000 instead of 200 000 000. 

Is it necessary to initialize the system clocks before launching the program? 

Thanks for your help. 

Jerome
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