OpenVINO can use Intel® Graphics Compute Runtime for OpenCL™ Driver for acceleration. It's available via system package manager on Ubuntu 18.04... It's also buildable.
Intel® CPU Runtime for OpenCL™ Applications is a different runtime. Version 18.1 is not supported on Ubuntu 18.04 OS. That being said, I haven't observed issues running it there personally.
lsb-core should be available on Ubuntu distributions with apt install.
Also note, that often virtual systems and container OS's omit typical distribution libraries sought for dependencies. A native install of an OS may not have a dependency resolution issue... while a container may need extra set up steps.