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Does EIST_TRANS work on Sandy Bridge?

Alexander_Alexeev
171 Views

Hello

I am trying to understand frequincy of transition of EIST (Enhanced Intel SpeedStep® Technology) on CPU, or rather frequency of change of CPU frequency.

I found only one event EIST_TRANS (if other available, I would be glad to know).

EIST_TRANS isn't supported in vTune, so I configured its collection via home-made cli tool and collected values. No frequincy transition was detected.

The question is, whether EIST_TRANS supported on SB or not. Are there any tricks to collect transitions?

CPU

Name Intel Xeon E5 2680
Codename Sandy Bridge-EP/EX
Specification Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2680 0 @ 2.70GHz

Thanks,

Alexander

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7 Replies
Patrick_F_Intel1
Employee
171 Views

Hello Alexander,

The EIST_TRANS event isn't available on sandbridge systems, just core-2 and atom based systems.

On windows, you can use ETW (xperf/wpr/wpa) to show you frequency trasitions.

On linux, ftrace will show you frequency transitions.

Pat

Alexander_Alexeev
171 Views

Patrick Fay (Intel) wrote:

On windows, you can use ETW (xperf/wpr/wpa) to show you frequency trasitions.

Patrick, as far as I can seen xperf reports only  C-state transitions (C0-C1), and for CPU frequency it always reports nominal value without any deviations although accordingly to MSR 0x198 multiplier is changing constantly.

I tried xperf version  4.8.7701 as other versions doesn't work for our environment.

Regards,

Alexander

SergeyKostrov
Valued Contributor II
171 Views
>>...The EIST_TRANS event isn't available on sandbridge systems, just core-2 and atom based systems. Here are two screenshots which simply demonstrate how EIST works on a system with Intel Atom N270 CPU: [ 1 ] eist1.jpg [ 2 ] eist2.jpg
SergeyKostrov
Valued Contributor II
171 Views
In the 1st screenshot EIST is in effect and you see 798MHz.
Patrick_F_Intel1
Employee
171 Views

Hello Alexander,

I'm using windows 8 with xperf 6.2.9200.

If I run with:

xperf.exe -start -on CPU_CONFIG+POWER+PROC_THREAD -Buffering -Buffersize 1024 -MaxBuffers 100

do something

xperf.exe -flush -f trace.etl

xperf.exe -stop

xperf.exe -i trace.etl -tle -o trace.csv -symbols cacheonly verbose -a dumper

and

xperf.exe -i trace.etl -symbols cacheonly -a power > trace.etl.actions_power.txt

In the trace.csv file you'll see a bunch of events like:

PowerProcessorPerfState, 287951, Voltage, 1100, 800, 0x00000000, 0x0000000000000004

PowerProcessorPerfState, 287963, Voltage, 1100, 800, 0x00000000, 0x0000000000000008

which show the individual changes in frequency (timestamp, voltage, new freq, old freq, status, cpu mask)

The '-a power' report buckets the transitions. The output looks like:

P-State Summary (% of time in each frequency):

    CPU,   800 MHz,   900 MHz,  1000 MHz,  1100 MHz,  1200 MHz,  1500 MHz,  1600 MHz,  1801 MHz      

         0,    65.26%,     2.19%,    18.10%,     0.88%,     0.87%,     0.58%,     0.87%,    11.24%      

         1,    65.26%,     2.19%,    18.10%,     0.88%,     0.87%,     0.58%,     0.87%,    11.24%      

         2,    65.26%,     2.19%,    18.10%,     0.88%,     0.87%,     0.58%,     0.87%,    11.24%      

         3,    65.26%,     2.19%,    18.10%,     0.88%,     0.87%,     0.58%,     0.87%,    11.24%

sigh... I wish I knew how to cut and paste stuff on this darn editor.

I'm bettting that if you computed the average non-halted frequency (with the unhalted_clockticks.thread unhalted_clockticks.ref events) over the same interval then, for say cpu 0, you'd see:

ave unhalted freq is = 800 * 0.6526 + 900 * 0.0219 + 1000 * 0.181 + 1100 * 0.0088 + 1200 * 0.0087 + 1500 * 0.0058 + 1600 * 0.0087 + 1801 * 0.1124 = ~967 MHz.

Or you could use the APERF/MPERF MSR ratio to compute the average non-halted frequency over the interval.

Pat

SergeyKostrov
Valued Contributor II
171 Views
Patrick, How could I verify a version of EIST used on Intel Atom N270 CPU? Thanks in advance.
Patrick_F_Intel1
Employee
171 Views

Hello Sergey,

I only know of original speed step and Enhanced speedstep (EIST). EIST is a feature bit in CPUID input 1, output reg ecx bit 7.

Pat

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