Community
cancel
Showing results for 
Search instead for 
Did you mean: 
sharr25
Beginner
1,345 Views

I210: SMbus bus access in Linux

Hi

 

We have designed a PCB with an I210 controller (in flash-less mode) connecting via PCIe/SMbus to an E3950 (running Ubuntu 18.04).

 

But Linux is unable to fully see the I210 device. It shows up in 'lspci' with ID=0x1531 but it's config space is all '0xFF':

 

 >> 02:00.0 Ethernet controller: Intel Corporation Device 1531 (rev ff) (prog-if ff)

 >>   !!! Unknown header type 7f

 >> 00: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff

 >> 10: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff

 >> 20: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff

 >> 30: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff

 

We have also tried some Intel tools such as eeupdate64 and lanconf64e but they do not see the I210 at all. So we are unable to program the iNVM.

 

Using another Intel tool 'EepromAccessTool' v0.7.7, it sees the I210 but trying to dump that nic (-dump -nic=1) hangs trying to read from the device:

 

# sudo ./EepromAccessTool 

 

Intel(R) EEPROM Access Tool NVM/OTP Programming Example Tool  Version 0.7.7

Provided under the terms of a CNDA. Do Not Distribute.

Copyright(C) 2017-2018 by Intel(R) Corporation 

NIC BUS DEV FUN Silicon Memory Type Present

=== === === === ===== ======================

 1 2 0 0 I210    INVM+FLASH

 2 3 0 0 I211    INVM

 

 

It seems the PCIe interface is not coming up, so we are renting a scope w/ PCIe decode to debug.

 

In the meantime, my question:

 

 1) We would like to dump some SMbus registers to help debug, but in Linux the SMbus and I2C use same function call. It seems Linux treats the two protocols as the same. So we don't know how to write out the dedicated HW SMbus port to the I210. Can you advise how to query SMbus registers?

 

Thanks

0 Kudos
12 Replies
CrisselleF_C_Intel
Moderator
514 Views

Hello sharr25, Thank you for posting in Intel Ethernet Communities. Your query will be best answered by our Embedded Support team, we will help you to move this post to the designated team. Please feel free to contact us if you have other inquiries. Best regards, Crisselle C Intel Customer Support Under Contract to Intel Corporation
sharr25
Beginner
514 Views

CarlosAM_INTEL
Moderator
514 Views

​Hello, @sharr25​:

 

Thank you for contacting Intel Embedded Community.

Could you please verify if this situation persists in any of the following Operating System (OS)?

- Windows* 10 Enterprise (64-bit).

- Windows* IoT Core (32/64-bit).

- Wind River 8 Linux distribution (64-bit).

- Yocto Project* BSP tool-based embedded Linux distribution (64-bit).

- Android (64-bit) Marshmallow PV April 17.

- Android O ETA target Q2 ’18.

- Wind River VxWorks* 7.

We appreciate your cooperation.

Best regards,

@Mæcenas_INTEL​.

sharr25
Beginner
514 Views

Hi,

 

At this point we suspect an electrical issue is preventing the PCIe bus from coming up correctly - we have rented a scope and are investigating.

 

My question is related to the SW side though:

 

* We would like to dump some SMbus registers, but in Linux the SMbus and I2C use the same function call. It seems Linux treats the two protocols as the same. So we don't know how to write out the dedicated HW SMbus port to the I210. Can you advise how to query SMbus registers?

 

In our design, the I210 SMbus interface is routed to the Atom SMbus port. The Atom I2C bus in our design is routed to other IC sensors, etc. We are able to read those sensors on I2C bus.

 

We would like to read SMbus registers from I210 from Atom, but don't know how in Linux. Can you recommend some example code showing how read from the SMbus?

 

Thanks!

 

sharr25
Beginner
514 Views

Hi again,

 

We are also considering running the clear linux project, and wanted to check if you support that OS as well for the E3950? From a support standpoint.

 

Thanks

CarlosAM_INTEL
Moderator
514 Views

​Hello, @sharr25​:

 

Thanks for your reply.

 

In order to better understand your last communication, could you pleased clarify the version and variant of Linux  that you refer with "clear Linux project"?

 

Please give us the answer to this question.

 

Best regards,

@Mæcenas_INTEL​. 

sharr25
Beginner
514 Views

Oh sorry forgot the link. This is an Intel initiative https://clearlinux.org/safe/ for safety critical OS

CarlosAM_INTEL
Moderator
514 Views

​Hello, @sharr25​:

 

Thanks for your clarification.

 

Please verify using the channels listed in the following websites as a reference if the cited OS fulfills with the requirements of the Operating Systems suggested in the provided product brief:

 

https://clearlinux.org/community

https://clearlinux.org/blogs

 

Best regards,

@Mæcenas_INTEL​.    

CarlosAM_INTEL
Moderator
514 Views

​Hello, @sharr25​:

 

Thanks for your reply.

 

We suggest you use any of the validated OS for the processor that you are using. The OS list is stated on page 4 of the Apollo Lake Product Brief that can be found at:

 

https://www.intel.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/documents/product-briefs/atom-processor-e3900-ser...

 

Best regards,

@Mæcenas_INTEL​.   

sharr25
Beginner
514 Views

Ok thanks, we will put yocto on the E3950 to continue debug.

 

Questions:

 

* Does Intel provide any documentation for installing Yocto on Atom, or should I just follow the directions on Yocto site?

 

* For Yocto configure, is the E3950 info contained in the 'meta-intel' layer? Are there other layers I also need to clone before build?

 

Thanks,

 

Sean

 

 

CarlosAM_INTEL
Moderator
514 Views

​Hello, @sharr25​:

 

Thanks for your reply.

 

We suggest as a reference review the following websites:

 

https://www.yoctoproject.org/software-overview/layers/bsps/jethro203-leaf-hill/

https://github.com/intel/iotg-yocto-bsp-public

 

Best regards,

@Mæcenas_INTEL​.

sharr25
Beginner
514 Views

Latest progress:

 

We were not able to get a flash-less solution working with the i210. As above, we were not able to talk to it with Intel's tools eventhough it showed up on the PCIe bus as ID=1531. Our conjecture was that the i210 internal NVM probably needs to be initially programmed before it fully shows up on the PCIe bus. If true, kind of a chicken-and-egg problem for us since we need the Intel tools to program it in system, but it can't see it until the NVM is programmed.

 

So we abandoned flash-less operation and added a flash. However, we still got the same above situation. We could see it as ID=1531 but Intel tools couldn't program it. Finally we re-soldered in a flash programmed with one of the Intel provided hex images (Dev_Start_I210_Copper_SMB_8Mb_A2_3.25_0.03.hex in our case) and then were able to see the i210 with Intels like lanconf and eeupdate. We then could program the internal NVM.

 

Now our issue is programming the MAC address to the NVM is producing an incorrect checksum, detected when linux boots so it does not enable the interface. But we can see Linux is using the 'igb' driver for the PCIe device so this is great progress. But if needed I will open another ticket concerning the incorrect NVM checksum

Reply