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problem in scaling the code

aketh_t_
Beginner
1,550 Views

Hi all,

Last time I posted a query and the problem was solved by fusing all the omp regions.

However this time the problem seems to be with scalability on openmp.

The code doesn't scale well.

Its about 3X on 16 Xeon cores(Intel(R) Xeon(R)  E5-2650 v2)

How to improve scalability??

here is the code

do k=1,km-1

        do kk=1,2

          starttime = omp_get_wtime()

          !$OMP PARALLEL PRIVATE(I)DEFAULT(SHARED)
 
          !$omp do  
          do j=1,ny_block
           do i=1,nx_block
 
          LMASK(i,j) = TLT%K_LEVEL(i,j,bid) == k  .and.            &
                       TLT%K_LEVEL(i,j,bid) < KMT(i,j,bid)  .and.  &
                       TLT%ZTW(i,j,bid) == 1


            if ( LMASK(i,j) ) then 

             WORK1(i,j,kk) =  KAPPA_THIC(i,j,kbt,k,bid)  &
                           * SLX(i,j,kk,kbt,k,bid) * dz(k)

             WORK2(i,j,kk) = c2 * dzwr(k) * ( WORK1(i,j,kk)            &
              - KAPPA_THIC(i,j,ktp,k+1,bid) * SLX(i,j,kk,ktp,k+1,bid) &
                                            * dz(k+1) )

             WORK2_NEXT(i,j) = c2 * ( &
              KAPPA_THIC(i,j,ktp,k+1,bid) * SLX(i,j,kk,ktp,k+1,bid) - &
              KAPPA_THIC(i,j,kbt,k+1,bid) * SLX(i,j,kk,kbt,k+1,bid) )

             WORK3(i,j,kk) =  KAPPA_THIC(i,j,kbt,k,bid)  &
                           * SLY(i,j,kk,kbt,k,bid) * dz(k)

             WORK4(i,j,kk) = c2 * dzwr(k) * ( WORK3(i,j,kk)            &
              - KAPPA_THIC(i,j,ktp,k+1,bid) * SLY(i,j,kk,ktp,k+1,bid) &
                                            * dz(k+1) )

             WORK4_NEXT(i,j) = c2 * ( &
              KAPPA_THIC(i,j,ktp,k+1,bid) * SLY(i,j,kk,ktp,k+1,bid) - &
              KAPPA_THIC(i,j,kbt,k+1,bid) * SLY(i,j,kk,kbt,k+1,bid) )

            endif

            if( LMASK(i,j) .and. abs( WORK2_NEXT(i,j) ) < abs( WORK2(i,j,kk) ) ) then 

             WORK2(i,j,kk) = WORK2_NEXT(i,j)

            endif

           if ( LMASK(i,j) .and. abs( WORK4_NEXT(i,j) ) < abs( WORK4(i,j,kk ) ) ) then 
             WORK4(i,j,kk) = WORK4_NEXT(i,j)
           endif

          LMASK(i,j) = TLT%K_LEVEL(i,j,bid) == k  .and.           &
                       TLT%K_LEVEL(i,j,bid) < KMT(i,j,bid)  .and. &
                       TLT%ZTW(i,j,bid) == 2

          if ( LMASK(i,j) ) then

            WORK1(i,j,kk) =  KAPPA_THIC(i,j,ktp,k+1,bid)     & 
                           * SLX(i,j,kk,ktp,k+1,bid)

            WORK2(i,j,kk) =  c2 * ( WORK1(i,j,kk)                 &
                           - ( KAPPA_THIC(i,j,kbt,k+1,bid)        &
                              * SLX(i,j,kk,kbt,k+1,bid) ) )

            WORK1(i,j,kk) = WORK1(i,j,kk) * dz(k+1)

            WORK3(i,j,kk) =  KAPPA_THIC(i,j,ktp,k+1,bid)     &
                           * SLY(i,j,kk,ktp,k+1,bid)

            WORK4(i,j,kk) =  c2 * ( WORK3(i,j,kk)                 &
                           - ( KAPPA_THIC(i,j,kbt,k+1,bid)        &
                              * SLY(i,j,kk,kbt,k+1,bid) ) )

            WORK3(i,j,kk) = WORK3(i,j,kk) * dz(k+1)

            endif
 
          LMASK(i,j) = LMASK(i,j) .and. TLT%K_LEVEL(i,j,bid) + 1 < KMT(i,j,bid)

          if (k.lt.km-1) then ! added to avoid out of bounds access

            if( LMASK(i,j) ) then

              WORK2_NEXT(i,j) = c2 * dzwr(k+1) * ( &
                KAPPA_THIC(i,j,kbt,k+1,bid) * SLX(i,j,kk,kbt,k+1,bid) * dz(k+1) - &
                KAPPA_THIC(i,j,ktp,k+2,bid) * SLX(i,j,kk,ktp,k+2,bid) * dz(k+2))

              WORK4_NEXT(i,j) = c2 * dzwr(k+1) * ( &
                KAPPA_THIC(i,j,kbt,k+1,bid) * SLY(i,j,kk,kbt,k+1,bid) * dz(k+1) - &
                KAPPA_THIC(i,j,ktp,k+2,bid) * SLY(i,j,kk,ktp,k+2,bid) * dz(k+2))

              endif 

          end if
             
          if( LMASK(i,j) .and. abs( WORK2_NEXT(i,j) ) < abs( WORK2(i,j,kk) ) ) &
            WORK2(i,j,kk) = WORK2_NEXT(i,j)

          if( LMASK(i,j) .and. abs(WORK4_NEXT(i,j)) < abs(WORK4(i,j,kk)) ) &
            WORK4(i,j,kk) = WORK4_NEXT(i,j)

             enddo
          enddo
          !$omp end do

          !$OMP END PARALLEL

          endtime = omp_get_wtime()

          total = total + (endtime - starttime)

        enddo
      enddo

Also attached is the standalone working code I have created, so that you guys could run it on your machines if you wish.

The attached code is a standalone version created from a larger code piece.

0 Kudos
21 Replies
jimdempseyatthecove
Black Belt
46 Views

Aketh, you may find this article interesting:

https://software.intel.com/en-us/articles/peel-the-onion-optimization-techniques

It uses your example code and shows how you can incrementally improve the performance. On an E5-2620 6 core, 12 thread system, the original parallel speedup was a paltry 4.94 x that of the original serial code. Then in three optimization steps taking it to 12.16x, 15.24x and 23.13x. There is even room for a little more improvement, which I left up for the readers.

Jim Dempsey

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