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How to read the Performance Counters on Intel Atom

Ayam
Beginner
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Hello,
Pardon me if this is not the right platform for my question.

I have intel Atom (silvermont) architecture and I am trying to read the msr. I do not have experience working with the performance counter at this level. I have a found the code that can read and write the perf_global_ctrl, perf_fixed_ctr_ctrl, fixed_ctr. 
According to my understanding this code is for the general intel architecture with 3 Fixed performance counters and 4 GP counters. I have check in Intel Atom, I have 3 fixed counters and 2 GP counter (intel Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s Manual Combined Volumes: 1, 2A, 2B, 2C, 3A, 3B and 3C)

I have also uploaded the code for the reference. I have tried to work with this code,  { MSR_WRITE, 0x38f, 0x0f, 0x07 },    this statement does not works 0x38f is the address to a32_perf_fixed_ctr_ctrl, but other parameters are hard for me to change for my architecture without understanding them properly. Can you please help me explain this so I make them work on Intel Atom.

My ultimate goal is to extract the intruction_retired and cpu_clk_unhalted.core parameters to calculate the IPC parameter.

 struct MsrInOut msr_start[] = {
        { MSR_WRITE, 0x38f, 0x00, 0x00 },       // ia32_perf_global_ctrl: disable 4 PMCs & 3 FFCs
        { MSR_WRITE, 0xc1, 0x00, 0x00 },        // ia32_pmc0: zero value (35-5)
        { MSR_WRITE, 0xc2, 0x00, 0x00 },        // ia32_pmc1: zero value (35-5)
        { MSR_WRITE, 0xc3, 0x00, 0x00 },        // ia32_pmc2: zero value (35-5)
        { MSR_WRITE, 0xc4, 0x00, 0x00 },        // ia32_pmc3: zero value (35-5)
        { MSR_WRITE, 0x309, 0x00, 0x00 },       // ia32_fixed_ctr0: zero value (35-17)
        { MSR_WRITE, 0x30a, 0x00, 0x00 },       // ia32_fixed_ctr1: zero value (35-17)
        { MSR_WRITE, 0x30b, 0x00, 0x00 },       // ia32_fixed_ctr2: zero value (35-17)
        { MSR_WRITE, 0x186, 0x004101c2, 0x00 }, // ia32_perfevtsel1, UOPS_RETIRED.ALL (19-28)
        { MSR_WRITE, 0x187, 0x0041010e, 0x00 }, // ia32_perfevtsel0, UOPS_ISSUED.ANY (19.22)
        { MSR_WRITE, 0x188, 0x01c1010e, 0x00 }, // ia32_perfevtsel2, UOPS_ISSUED.ANY-stalls (19-22)
        { MSR_WRITE, 0x189, 0x004101a2, 0x00 }, // ia32_perfevtsel3, RESOURCE_STALLS.ANY (19-27)
        { MSR_WRITE, 0x38d, 0x222, 0x00 },      // ia32_perf_fixed_ctr_ctrl: ensure 3 FFCs enabled
        { MSR_WRITE, 0x38f, 0x0f, 0x07 },       // ia32_perf_global_ctrl: enable 4 PMCs & 3 FFCs
        { MSR_STOP, 0x00, 0x00 }
    };

    struct MsrInOut msr_stop[] = {
        { MSR_WRITE, 0x38f, 0x00, 0x00 },       // ia32_perf_global_ctrl: disable 4 PMCs & 3 FFCs
        { MSR_WRITE, 0x38d, 0x00, 0x00 },       // ia32_perf_fixed_ctr_ctrl: clean up FFC ctrls
        { MSR_READ, 0xc1, 0x00 },               // ia32_pmc0: read value (35-5)
        { MSR_READ, 0xc2, 0x00 },               // ia32_pmc1: read value (35-5)
        { MSR_READ, 0xc3, 0x00 },               // ia32_pmc2: read value (35-5)
        { MSR_READ, 0xc4, 0x00 },               // ia32_pmc3: read value (35-5)
        { MSR_READ, 0x309, 0x00 },              // ia32_fixed_ctr0: read value (35-17)
        { MSR_READ, 0x30a, 0x00 },              // ia32_fixed_ctr1: read value (35-17)
        { MSR_READ, 0x30b, 0x00 },              // ia32_fixed_ctr2: read value (35-17)
        { MSR_STOP, 0x00, 0x00 }
    };

struct MsrInOut {

    unsigned int op;              // MsrOperation
    unsigned int ecx;             // msr identifier
    union {
        struct {
            unsigned int eax;     // low double word
            unsigned int edx;     // high double word
        };
        unsigned long long value; // quad word
    };
};

Appreciate your help,

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