Unfortunately, there is no way for me to use a GUI on our school's network so my hope is that I can still use the tool on the command line but then use whatever report data it generates locally on my Windows desktop. Is that possible?
Sure. You could collect data on linux and copy VTune result directory on your windows to look results in GUI.
Another way is run remote ssh collection from your windows machine on target linux (if you have network access from your windows host)
In this case all data will be copied automatically and opened in VTune GUI
Please note that if you want to see disassembly view in GUI then you will need to have access to your Linux binaries on the Windows machine.
There is also a way to automatically pack the binaries where samples situated in the result directory with "-archive" command. So on Linux you will need to run:
>amplxe-cl -archive -r <result_dir>
before copying the result directory on Windows.
Thanks & Regards, Dmitry