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MAMorgado
Beginner
248 Views

Open CL Null Platform behaviour

Hi!
There's a problem with my OpenCL... I installed it through Intel's website (https://software.intel.com/content/www/us/en/develop/articles/opencl-drivers.html)  Intel® Graphics Technology Runtimes since I have the UHD Comet Lake Graphics.

 

After building it I ran clinfo and this were the results. Do you know why in the end I get null platform problems?

 

Number of platforms 2
Platform Name Intel(R) OpenCL HD Graphics
Platform Vendor Intel(R) Corporation
Platform Version OpenCL 3.0
Platform Profile FULL_PROFILE
Platform Extensions cl_khr_byte_addressable_store cl_khr_fp16 cl_khr_global_int32_base_atomics cl_khr_global_int32_extended_atomics cl_khr_icd cl_khr_local_int32_base_atomics cl_khr_local_int32_extended_atomics cl_intel_command_queue_families cl_intel_subgroups cl_intel_required_subgroup_size cl_intel_subgroups_short cl_khr_spir cl_intel_accelerator cl_intel_driver_diagnostics cl_khr_priority_hints cl_khr_throttle_hints cl_khr_create_command_queue cl_intel_subgroups_char cl_intel_subgroups_long cl_khr_il_program cl_intel_mem_force_host_memory cl_khr_subgroup_extended_types cl_khr_subgroup_non_uniform_vote cl_khr_subgroup_ballot cl_khr_subgroup_non_uniform_arithmetic cl_khr_subgroup_shuffle cl_khr_subgroup_shuffle_relative cl_khr_subgroup_clustered_reduce cl_intel_device_attribute_query cl_khr_fp64 cl_khr_subgroups cl_intel_spirv_device_side_avc_motion_estimation cl_intel_spirv_media_block_io cl_intel_spirv_subgroups cl_khr_spirv_no_integer_wrap_decoration cl_intel_unified_shared_memory_preview cl_khr_mipmap_image cl_khr_mipmap_image_writes cl_intel_planar_yuv cl_intel_packed_yuv cl_intel_motion_estimation cl_intel_device_side_avc_motion_estimation cl_intel_advanced_motion_estimation cl_khr_int64_base_atomics cl_khr_int64_extended_atomics cl_khr_image2d_from_buffer cl_khr_depth_images cl_khr_3d_image_writes cl_intel_media_block_io cl_intel_va_api_media_sharing cl_intel_sharing_format_query cl_khr_pci_bus_info
Platform Host timer resolution 1ns
Platform Extensions function suffix INTEL

Platform Name Intel(R) CPU Runtime for OpenCL(TM) Applications
Platform Vendor Intel(R) Corporation
Platform Version OpenCL 2.1 LINUX
Platform Profile FULL_PROFILE
Platform Extensions cl_khr_icd cl_khr_global_int32_base_atomics cl_khr_global_int32_extended_atomics cl_khr_local_int32_base_atomics cl_khr_local_int32_extended_atomics cl_khr_byte_addressable_store cl_khr_depth_images cl_khr_3d_image_writes cl_intel_exec_by_local_thread cl_khr_spir cl_khr_fp64 cl_khr_image2d_from_buffer cl_intel_vec_len_hint
Platform Host timer resolution 1ns
Platform Extensions function suffix INTEL

Platform Name Intel(R) OpenCL HD Graphics
Number of devices 1
Device Name Intel(R) UHD Graphics [0x9bca]
Device Vendor Intel(R) Corporation
Device Vendor ID 0x8086
Device Version OpenCL 3.0 NEO
Driver Version 21.24.20098
Device OpenCL C Version OpenCL C 3.0
Device Type GPU
Device Profile FULL_PROFILE
Device Available Yes
Compiler Available Yes
Linker Available Yes
Max compute units 24
Max clock frequency 1150MHz
Device Partition (core)
Max number of sub-devices 0
Supported partition types None
Supported affinity domains (n/a)
Max work item dimensions 3
Max work item sizes 256x256x256
Max work group size 256
Preferred work group size multiple 32
Max sub-groups per work group 32
Sub-group sizes (Intel) 8, 16, 32
Preferred / native vector sizes
char 16 / 16
short 8 / 8
int 4 / 4
long 1 / 1
half 8 / 8 (cl_khr_fp16)
float 1 / 1
double 1 / 1 (cl_khr_fp64)
Half-precision Floating-point support (cl_khr_fp16)
Denormals Yes
Infinity and NANs Yes
Round to nearest Yes
Round to zero Yes
Round to infinity Yes
IEEE754-2008 fused multiply-add Yes
Support is emulated in software No
Single-precision Floating-point support (core)
Denormals Yes
Infinity and NANs Yes
Round to nearest Yes
Round to zero Yes
Round to infinity Yes
IEEE754-2008 fused multiply-add Yes
Support is emulated in software No
Correctly-rounded divide and sqrt operations Yes
Double-precision Floating-point support (cl_khr_fp64)
Denormals Yes
Infinity and NANs Yes
Round to nearest Yes
Round to zero Yes
Round to infinity Yes
IEEE754-2008 fused multiply-add Yes
Support is emulated in software No
Address bits 64, Little-Endian
Global memory size 13188349952 (12.28GiB)
Error Correction support No
Max memory allocation 4294959104 (4GiB)
Unified memory for Host and Device Yes
Shared Virtual Memory (SVM) capabilities (core)
Coarse-grained buffer sharing Yes
Fine-grained buffer sharing No
Fine-grained system sharing No
Atomics No
Minimum alignment for any data type 128 bytes
Alignment of base address 1024 bits (128 bytes)
Preferred alignment for atomics
SVM 64 bytes
Global 64 bytes
Local 64 bytes
Max size for global variable 65536 (64KiB)
Preferred total size of global vars 4294959104 (4GiB)
Global Memory cache type Read/Write
Global Memory cache size 524288 (512KiB)
Global Memory cache line size 64 bytes
Image support Yes
Max number of samplers per kernel 16
Max size for 1D images from buffer 268434944 pixels
Max 1D or 2D image array size 2048 images
Base address alignment for 2D image buffers 4 bytes
Pitch alignment for 2D image buffers 4 pixels
Max 2D image size 16384x16384 pixels
Max planar YUV image size 16384x16352 pixels
Max 3D image size 16384x16384x2048 pixels
Max number of read image args 128
Max number of write image args 128
Max number of read/write image args 128
Max number of pipe args 16
Max active pipe reservations 1
Max pipe packet size 1024
Local memory type Local
Local memory size 65536 (64KiB)
Max number of constant args 8
Max constant buffer size 4294959104 (4GiB)
Max size of kernel argument 2048 (2KiB)
Queue properties (on host)
Out-of-order execution Yes
Profiling Yes
Queue properties (on device)
Out-of-order execution Yes
Profiling Yes
Preferred size 131072 (128KiB)
Max size 67108864 (64MiB)
Max queues on device 1
Max events on device 1024
Prefer user sync for interop Yes
Profiling timer resolution 83ns
Execution capabilities
Run OpenCL kernels Yes
Run native kernels No
Sub-group independent forward progress Yes
IL version SPIR-V_1.2
SPIR versions 1.2
printf() buffer size 4194304 (4MiB)
Built-in kernels block_motion_estimate_intel;block_advanced_motion_estimate_check_intel;block_advanced_motion_estimate_bidirectional_check_intel;
Motion Estimation accelerator version (Intel) 2
Device-side AVC Motion Estimation version 1
Supports texture sampler use Yes
Supports preemption No
Device Extensions cl_khr_byte_addressable_store cl_khr_fp16 cl_khr_global_int32_base_atomics cl_khr_global_int32_extended_atomics cl_khr_icd cl_khr_local_int32_base_atomics cl_khr_local_int32_extended_atomics cl_intel_command_queue_families cl_intel_subgroups cl_intel_required_subgroup_size cl_intel_subgroups_short cl_khr_spir cl_intel_accelerator cl_intel_driver_diagnostics cl_khr_priority_hints cl_khr_throttle_hints cl_khr_create_command_queue cl_intel_subgroups_char cl_intel_subgroups_long cl_khr_il_program cl_intel_mem_force_host_memory cl_khr_subgroup_extended_types cl_khr_subgroup_non_uniform_vote cl_khr_subgroup_ballot cl_khr_subgroup_non_uniform_arithmetic cl_khr_subgroup_shuffle cl_khr_subgroup_shuffle_relative cl_khr_subgroup_clustered_reduce cl_intel_device_attribute_query cl_khr_fp64 cl_khr_subgroups cl_intel_spirv_device_side_avc_motion_estimation cl_intel_spirv_media_block_io cl_intel_spirv_subgroups cl_khr_spirv_no_integer_wrap_decoration cl_intel_unified_shared_memory_preview cl_khr_mipmap_image cl_khr_mipmap_image_writes cl_intel_planar_yuv cl_intel_packed_yuv cl_intel_motion_estimation cl_intel_device_side_avc_motion_estimation cl_intel_advanced_motion_estimation cl_khr_int64_base_atomics cl_khr_int64_extended_atomics cl_khr_image2d_from_buffer cl_khr_depth_images cl_khr_3d_image_writes cl_intel_media_block_io cl_intel_va_api_media_sharing cl_intel_sharing_format_query cl_khr_pci_bus_info

Platform Name Intel(R) CPU Runtime for OpenCL(TM) Applications
Number of devices 1
Device Name Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-10710U CPU @ 1.10GHz
Device Vendor Intel(R) Corporation
Device Vendor ID 0x8086
Device Version OpenCL 2.1 (Build 0)
Driver Version 18.1.0.0920
Device OpenCL C Version OpenCL C 2.0
Device Type CPU
Device Profile FULL_PROFILE
Device Available Yes
Compiler Available Yes
Linker Available Yes
Max compute units 12
Max clock frequency 1100MHz
Device Partition (core)
Max number of sub-devices 12
Supported partition types by counts, equally, by names (Intel)
Supported affinity domains (n/a)
Max work item dimensions 3
Max work item sizes 8192x8192x8192
Max work group size 8192
Preferred work group size multiple 128
Max sub-groups per work group 1
Preferred / native vector sizes
char 1 / 32
short 1 / 16
int 1 / 8
long 1 / 4
half 0 / 0 (n/a)
float 1 / 8
double 1 / 4 (cl_khr_fp64)
Half-precision Floating-point support (n/a)
Single-precision Floating-point support (core)
Denormals Yes
Infinity and NANs Yes
Round to nearest Yes
Round to zero No
Round to infinity No
IEEE754-2008 fused multiply-add No
Support is emulated in software No
Correctly-rounded divide and sqrt operations No
Double-precision Floating-point support (cl_khr_fp64)
Denormals Yes
Infinity and NANs Yes
Round to nearest Yes
Round to zero Yes
Round to infinity Yes
IEEE754-2008 fused multiply-add Yes
Support is emulated in software No
Address bits 64, Little-Endian
Global memory size 16485441536 (15.35GiB)
Error Correction support No
Max memory allocation 4121360384 (3.838GiB)
Unified memory for Host and Device Yes
Shared Virtual Memory (SVM) capabilities (core)
Coarse-grained buffer sharing Yes
Fine-grained buffer sharing Yes
Fine-grained system sharing Yes
Atomics Yes
Minimum alignment for any data type 128 bytes
Alignment of base address 1024 bits (128 bytes)
Preferred alignment for atomics
SVM 64 bytes
Global 64 bytes
Local 0 bytes
Max size for global variable 65536 (64KiB)
Preferred total size of global vars 65536 (64KiB)
Global Memory cache type Read/Write
Global Memory cache size 262144 (256KiB)
Global Memory cache line size 64 bytes
Image support Yes
Max number of samplers per kernel 480
Max size for 1D images from buffer 257585024 pixels
Max 1D or 2D image array size 2048 images
Base address alignment for 2D image buffers 64 bytes
Pitch alignment for 2D image buffers 64 pixels
Max 2D image size 16384x16384 pixels
Max 3D image size 2048x2048x2048 pixels
Max number of read image args 480
Max number of write image args 480
Max number of read/write image args 480
Max number of pipe args 16
Max active pipe reservations 21845
Max pipe packet size 1024
Local memory type Global
Local memory size 32768 (32KiB)
Max number of constant args 480
Max constant buffer size 131072 (128KiB)
Max size of kernel argument 3840 (3.75KiB)
Queue properties (on host)
Out-of-order execution Yes
Profiling Yes
Local thread execution (Intel) Yes
Queue properties (on device)
Out-of-order execution Yes
Profiling Yes
Preferred size 4294967295 (4GiB)
Max size 4294967295 (4GiB)
Max queues on device 4294967295
Max events on device 4294967295
Prefer user sync for interop No
Profiling timer resolution 1ns
Execution capabilities
Run OpenCL kernels Yes
Run native kernels Yes
Sub-group independent forward progress No
IL version SPIR-V_1.0
SPIR versions 1.2
printf() buffer size 1048576 (1024KiB)
Built-in kernels (n/a)
Device Extensions cl_khr_icd cl_khr_global_int32_base_atomics cl_khr_global_int32_extended_atomics cl_khr_local_int32_base_atomics cl_khr_local_int32_extended_atomics cl_khr_byte_addressable_store cl_khr_depth_images cl_khr_3d_image_writes cl_intel_exec_by_local_thread cl_khr_spir cl_khr_fp64 cl_khr_image2d_from_buffer cl_intel_vec_len_hint


NULL platform behavior
clGetPlatformInfo(NULL, CL_PLATFORM_NAME, ...) No platform
clGetDeviceIDs(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_ALL, ...) No platform
clCreateContext(NULL, ...) [default] No platform
clCreateContext(NULL, ...) [other] Success [INTEL]
clCreateContextFromType(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_DEFAULT) No platform
clCreateContextFromType(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_CPU) No platform
clCreateContextFromType(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_GPU) No platform
clCreateContextFromType(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_ACCELERATOR) No platform
clCreateContextFromType(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_CUSTOM) No platform
clCreateContextFromType(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_ALL) No platform
NOTE: your OpenCL library only supports OpenCL 2.1,
but some installed platforms support OpenCL 3.0.
Programs using 3.0 features may crash
or behave unexpectedly

 

Thank you very much,

MaM

Labels (1)
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2 Replies
Ben_A_Intel
Employee
217 Views

Hi MaM, short answer is that this NULL platform behavior is not something to worry bout and everything is working correctly.

For many OpenCL APIs the behavior is implementation-defined for a NULL platform.  In many cases (like yours) the implementation this is referring to is an OpenCL ICD loader.  Essentially, when the OpenCL ICD loader is passed a NULL platform, it has to make a choice, usually something like:

  1. It can take an easy way out and return an error code, usually CL_INVALID_PLATFORM.
  2. It can pick one of the installed platforms either arbitrarily or based on some criteria and use it.
  3. It can try more than one of the installed platforms to find one that works.

It looks like the ICD loader you have installed is usually picking (1), which is a very reasonable choice.

Note that the two commonly used ICD loaders are both open source, if you want to dig deeper:

Hope this helps!

MAMorgado
Beginner
197 Views

Hi Ben,

 

Thanks for the answer. 

 

Yeah I think I got it now. I was indeed using the https://github.com/OCL-dev/ocl-icd loader and the uploader helped me out a bit. 

 

I was more worried about Open CL not running the version 3.0 but an earlier one, because I was told the 3.0 version was needed for another program. Just to update the post this is how the end of my clinfo now looks:

 

NULL platform behavior
  clGetPlatformInfo(NULL, CL_PLATFORM_NAME, ...)  Intel(R) OpenCL HD Graphics
  clGetDeviceIDs(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_ALL, ...)   Success [INTEL]
  clCreateContext(NULL, ...) [default]            Success [INTEL]
  clCreateContext(NULL, ...) [other]              �A�;�U
  clCreateContextFromType(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_DEFAULT)  Success (1)
    Platform Name                                 Intel(R) OpenCL HD Graphics
    Device Name                                   Intel(R) UHD Graphics [0x9bca]
  clCreateContextFromType(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_CPU)  No devices found in platform
  clCreateContextFromType(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_GPU)  Success (1)
    Platform Name                                 Intel(R) OpenCL HD Graphics
    Device Name                                   Intel(R) UHD Graphics [0x9bca]
  clCreateContextFromType(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_ACCELERATOR)  No devices found in platform
  clCreateContextFromType(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_CUSTOM)  No devices found in platform
  clCreateContextFromType(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_ALL)  Success (1)
    Platform Name                                 Intel(R) OpenCL HD Graphics
    Device Name                                   Intel(R) UHD Graphics [0x9bca]

ICD loader properties
  ICD loader Name                                 OpenCL ICD Loader
  ICD loader Vendor                               OCL Icd free software
  ICD loader Version                              2.3.0
  ICD loader Profile                              OpenCL 3.0
	NOTE:	your OpenCL library declares to support OpenCL 3.0,
		but it seems to support up to OpenCL 2.2 only.
	NOTE:	your OpenCL library only supports OpenCL 2.2,
		but some installed platforms support OpenCL 3.0.
		Programs using 3.0 features may crash
		or behave unexpectedly
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