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lostInLimbo

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01-23-2019
09:21 AM

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I work in an old code where an array is passed in to my routine. The array follows a data structure. I want to define a derived type similar to the data structure and point it to the array. I tried this and it gives a data type mismatch error(understandably so). Is there a way I can do this without copying the data?

Example code:

{

subroutine test(a,size)

implicit none

integer,target,intent(in) :: a(*)

integer,intent(in) :: size

! defined in module

!type data_struct

! sequence

! integer d

! integer e

! integer f

!end type data_struct

type(data_struct),pointer :: temp_struct(:)

temp_struct=>a(1:size)

}

I want to do something like above where I can create an array of temp_struct derived data types pointing to the existing array. I tried to do it various ways but the only solution that worked for me was by copying the data, which I don't want to do.

Any comments and suggestions are welcome. Thanks.

Accepted Solutions

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FortranFan

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01-25-2019
04:40 PM

7 Views

lostInLimbo wrote:

Quote:

FortranFanwrote:

Care to explain in detail what you mean by "The array follows a data structure"?

It's similar to my example code. I have a set of values like id followed by related values repeated for the whole model like,

id1, param1_x, param1_y, param1_z, id2, param2_x, param2_y, param2_z,............paramN_z

Here N can potentially be a very large number. The thing is there are many such arrays with various model specific data (different data structures) throughout. EQUIVALENCE is used quite liberally in the old code and many places array has mixed integer, real values. I am not worried about mixed data types for now but was wondering if I can enforce a derived type onto it without copying so that I can access the data like follows

derived_type_for_param(1)%id

derived_type_for_param(1)%param_x

derived_type_for_param(1)%param_y

derived_type_for_param(1)%param_z

So are you just looking for a convenient way to work with such an array of repeated values (and where the number of repeats N can be large)? Or does it really have to be mapped to a Fortran derived type the way you indicate?

In other words, are you ok if the access method is, say, derived_type_for_param%param_x(i) instead of derived_type_for_param(1)%param_x? If so, an immediate thought that comes to mind is the ability to add procedures that are "bound" to the derived type and where the procedure is a function with a result that is a pointer to the data of interest. See below. And with the Fortran 2008 standard revision that allows a pointer function in a variable definition context, the access to the data can be as read and write!

module data_m implicit none private type, public :: data_t private integer, pointer :: data(:) => null() contains private procedure, pass(this), public :: set_data procedure, pass(this), public :: id procedure, pass(this), public :: param_x procedure, pass(this), public :: param_y procedure, pass(this), public :: param_z end type contains subroutine set_data( this, data ) class(data_t), intent(inout) :: this integer, target, intent(in) :: data(:) this%data => data end subroutine function id( this, idx ) result( pid ) class(data_t), intent(in) :: this integer, intent(in) :: idx ! Function result integer, pointer :: pid ! Handling elided for invalid idx pid => this%data((idx-1)*4+1) end function function param_x( this, idx ) result( px ) class(data_t), intent(in) :: this integer, intent(in) :: idx ! Function result integer, pointer :: px ! Handling elided for invalid idx px => this%data((idx-1)*4+2) end function function param_y( this, idx ) result( py ) class(data_t), intent(in) :: this integer, intent(in) :: idx ! Function result integer, pointer :: py ! Handling elided for invalid idx py => this%data((idx-1)*4+3) end function function param_z( this, idx ) result( pz ) class(data_t), intent(in) :: this integer, intent(in) :: idx ! Function result integer, pointer :: pz ! Handling elided for invalid idx pz => this%data((idx-1)*4+4) end function end module

program p use data_m, only : data_t implicit none type(data_t) :: dt integer, allocatable, target :: some_data(:) integer :: i character(len=*), parameter :: fmtd = "(g0,t10,g0,t20,g0,t30,g0)" some_data = [ 101, 141, 142, 143, & 201, 241, 242, 243, & 301, 341, 343, 343 ] call dt%set_data( some_data ) print *, "derived_type_for_param" print fmtd, "id", "param_x", "param_y", "param_z" do i = 1, size(some_data)/4 print fmtd, dt%id(i), dt%param_x(i), dt%param_y(i), dt%param_z(i) end do ! Values can be changed too do i = 1, size(some_data)/4 dt%param_x(i) = -dt%param_x(i) dt%param_y(i) = -dt%param_y(i) dt%param_z(i) = -dt%param_z(i) end do print *, "After changes to the value" print fmtd, "id", "param_x", "param_y", "param_z" do i = 1, size(some_data)/4 print fmtd, dt%id(i), dt%param_x(i), dt%param_y(i), dt%param_z(i) end do stop end program

Upon execution using Intel Fortran 19.0 compiler Update 1, the output is:

derived_type_for_param id param_x param_y param_z 101 141 142 143 201 241 242 243 301 341 343 343 After changes to the value id param_x param_y param_z 101 -141 -142 -143 201 -241 -242 -243 301 -341 -343 -343

Is this what you are looking for?

9 Replies

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lostInLimbo

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01-25-2019
12:36 PM

7 Views

I couldn't see this post in

I couldn't see this post in my activity and I thought I lost it. I asked this same question in stackoverflow and got some responses

Any additional comments/suggestions are welcome.

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FortranFan

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01-25-2019
01:43 PM

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Care to explain in detail

Care to explain in detail what you mean by "The array follows a data structure"?

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lostInLimbo

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01-25-2019
01:57 PM

7 Views

Quote:FortranFan wrote:

FortranFan wrote:Care to explain in detail what you mean by "The array follows a data structure"?

It's similar to my example code. I have a set of values like id followed by related values repeated for the whole model like,

id1, param1_x, param1_y, param1_z, id2, param2_x, param2_y, param2_z,............paramN_z

Here N can potentially be a very large number. The thing is there are many such arrays with various model specific data (different data structures) throughout. EQUIVALENCE is used quite liberally in the old code and many places array has mixed integer, real values. I am not worried about mixed data types for now but was wondering if I can enforce a derived type onto it without copying so that I can access the data like follows

derived_type_for_param(1)%id

derived_type_for_param(1)%param_x

derived_type_for_param(1)%param_y

derived_type_for_param(1)%param_z

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jimdempseyatthecove

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01-25-2019
03:09 PM

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module foo

module foo type derived_type_for_param_t integer :: id real :: param_x, parm_y, parm_z end type derived_type_for_param_t integer, parameter :: extend_derived_type_for_param_by = 10000 integer :: number_of_used_derived_type_for_param type(derived_type_for_param_t), allocatable :: derived_type_for_param(:) end module foo ... subroutine append_derived_type_for_param(id, param_x, parm_y, parm_z) use foo integer, intent(in) :: id real, intent(in) :: param_x, parm_y, parm_z type(derived_type_for_param_t), allocatable :: temp_derived_type_for_param(:) if(.not.allocated(derived_type_for_param)) then allocate(derived_type_for_param(extend_derived_type_for_param_by)) number_of_used_derived_type_for_param = 1 else if(number_of_used_derived_type_for_param == size(derived_type_for_param)) then allocate(temp_derived_type_for_param(size(derived_type_for_param) + extend_derived_type_for_param_by)) temp_derived_type_for_param(1:size(derived_type_for_param)) = derived_type_for_param call move_alloc(temp_derived_type_for_param, derived_type_for_param) endif number_of_used_derived_type_for_param = number_of_used_derived_type_for_param + 1 endif derived_type_for_param(number_of_used_derived_type_for_param)%id = id derived_type_for_param(number_of_used_derived_type_for_param)%param_x = parm_x derived_type_for_param(number_of_used_derived_type_for_param)%param_y = parm_y derived_type_for_param(number_of_used_derived_type_for_param)%param_z = parm_z end subroutine append_derived_type_for_param

Something like the above

Jim Dempsey

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FortranFan

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01-25-2019
04:40 PM

8 Views

lostInLimbo wrote:

Quote:

FortranFanwrote:

Care to explain in detail what you mean by "The array follows a data structure"?

It's similar to my example code. I have a set of values like id followed by related values repeated for the whole model like,

id1, param1_x, param1_y, param1_z, id2, param2_x, param2_y, param2_z,............paramN_z

Here N can potentially be a very large number. The thing is there are many such arrays with various model specific data (different data structures) throughout. EQUIVALENCE is used quite liberally in the old code and many places array has mixed integer, real values. I am not worried about mixed data types for now but was wondering if I can enforce a derived type onto it without copying so that I can access the data like follows

derived_type_for_param(1)%id

derived_type_for_param(1)%param_x

derived_type_for_param(1)%param_y

derived_type_for_param(1)%param_z

So are you just looking for a convenient way to work with such an array of repeated values (and where the number of repeats N can be large)? Or does it really have to be mapped to a Fortran derived type the way you indicate?

In other words, are you ok if the access method is, say, derived_type_for_param%param_x(i) instead of derived_type_for_param(1)%param_x? If so, an immediate thought that comes to mind is the ability to add procedures that are "bound" to the derived type and where the procedure is a function with a result that is a pointer to the data of interest. See below. And with the Fortran 2008 standard revision that allows a pointer function in a variable definition context, the access to the data can be as read and write!

module data_m implicit none private type, public :: data_t private integer, pointer :: data(:) => null() contains private procedure, pass(this), public :: set_data procedure, pass(this), public :: id procedure, pass(this), public :: param_x procedure, pass(this), public :: param_y procedure, pass(this), public :: param_z end type contains subroutine set_data( this, data ) class(data_t), intent(inout) :: this integer, target, intent(in) :: data(:) this%data => data end subroutine function id( this, idx ) result( pid ) class(data_t), intent(in) :: this integer, intent(in) :: idx ! Function result integer, pointer :: pid ! Handling elided for invalid idx pid => this%data((idx-1)*4+1) end function function param_x( this, idx ) result( px ) class(data_t), intent(in) :: this integer, intent(in) :: idx ! Function result integer, pointer :: px ! Handling elided for invalid idx px => this%data((idx-1)*4+2) end function function param_y( this, idx ) result( py ) class(data_t), intent(in) :: this integer, intent(in) :: idx ! Function result integer, pointer :: py ! Handling elided for invalid idx py => this%data((idx-1)*4+3) end function function param_z( this, idx ) result( pz ) class(data_t), intent(in) :: this integer, intent(in) :: idx ! Function result integer, pointer :: pz ! Handling elided for invalid idx pz => this%data((idx-1)*4+4) end function end module

program p use data_m, only : data_t implicit none type(data_t) :: dt integer, allocatable, target :: some_data(:) integer :: i character(len=*), parameter :: fmtd = "(g0,t10,g0,t20,g0,t30,g0)" some_data = [ 101, 141, 142, 143, & 201, 241, 242, 243, & 301, 341, 343, 343 ] call dt%set_data( some_data ) print *, "derived_type_for_param" print fmtd, "id", "param_x", "param_y", "param_z" do i = 1, size(some_data)/4 print fmtd, dt%id(i), dt%param_x(i), dt%param_y(i), dt%param_z(i) end do ! Values can be changed too do i = 1, size(some_data)/4 dt%param_x(i) = -dt%param_x(i) dt%param_y(i) = -dt%param_y(i) dt%param_z(i) = -dt%param_z(i) end do print *, "After changes to the value" print fmtd, "id", "param_x", "param_y", "param_z" do i = 1, size(some_data)/4 print fmtd, dt%id(i), dt%param_x(i), dt%param_y(i), dt%param_z(i) end do stop end program

Upon execution using Intel Fortran 19.0 compiler Update 1, the output is:

derived_type_for_param id param_x param_y param_z 101 141 142 143 201 241 242 243 301 341 343 343 After changes to the value id param_x param_y param_z 101 -141 -142 -143 201 -241 -242 -243 301 -341 -343 -343

Is this what you are looking for?

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@JimDempsey Thanks for the example code. I was wondering wouldn't it create equal number of pointers as the data in the array itself? Essentially occupying similar amount of memory or am i looking at it wrong?

lostInLimbo

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01-26-2019
02:50 PM

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@JimDempsey Thanks for the

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lostInLimbo

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01-26-2019
03:01 PM

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@FortranFan you are right I

@FortranFan you are right I am just looking for a convenient way to work with the array. I am not very familiar with fortran 2008 standard. I mostly understand your code but I am not sure how "idx" gets it's value. Also does one pointer for say param_x point to all param_x values?

Also on unrelated note my understanding is when a pointer points to a array it stores the bounds and stride of the array and location, essentially one pointer is used to access the whole array rather than one pointer per element of the pointed array/subarray. Is that correct? I couldn't find a clear answer anywhere.

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FortranFan

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01-26-2019
04:18 PM

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Quote:lostInLimbo wrote:

lostInLimbo wrote:@FortranFan you are right I am just looking for a convenient way to work with the array. I am not very familiar with fortran 2008 standard. I mostly understand your code but I am not sure how "idx" gets it's value. Also does one pointer for say param_x point to all param_x values?

Also on unrelated note my understanding is when a pointer points to a array it stores the bounds and stride of the array and location, essentially one pointer is used to access the whole array rather than one pointer per element of the pointed array/subarray. Is that correct? I couldn't find a clear answer anywhere.

@lostInLimbo,

You wrote the data of interest to you are organized as:

id1, param1_x, param1_y, param1_z, id2, param2_x, param2_y, param2_z,............paramN_z

indicating N sets of values. Further your comments indicated you were hoping to access them in your code as derived_type_for_param(1)%id, derived_type_for_param(1)%param_x, etc.,which suggested your plan to use an 'indexer', say i, that might go from 1 to N, though you only showed an index of 1 in your snippet.

So basically what I did is set up the so-called indexer-based **accessor** functions (id, param_x, etc.) which return a pointer to an element of your data. Its functioning makes it appear as if you are working with an **element **of an ordinary array in Fortran, particularly since it can be present in a variable-definition context.

So putting all else aside, especially the whole array operations starting with Fortran 90, the data structure essentially takes your data and sets it up as 4 "virtual" arrays - id, param_x, param_y, and param_z- and which you access as dt%id(i) or dt%param_y(j), etc. and where the indices i and j are defined somehow in the calling code (e.g., DO I = 1, N; .. dt%param_X(I) .. ; .. END DO), just as you would if you were dealing 4 such arrays in good old-fashioned FORTRAN 77 (and older) code. And note this is all achieved via the data_t derived type WITHOUT ANY COPYING whatsoever.

Separately, on your question re: variables with the POINTER attribute in Fortran, note such a variable can be given a rank also with the DIMENSION attribute. Thus a variable of POINTER attribute in Fortran with rank 0 i.e, no DIMENSION attribute implies a scalar which points to an object of the same rank which can be a scalar TARGET itself or one element of an array TARGET, etc. A variable with POINTER and DIMENSION of rank 1 (e.g., 1D array) can point to an object with rank 1 which can be another 1D array TARGET or a row/column of a 2D array TARGET, etc. In the data_t derived type I have showed you, the component of the derived type 'data' has the POINTER attribute and it has rank 1. Whereas the results of the 4 accessor functions have the POINTER attribute but they are of rank 0, so they will point to some rank 0 target only.

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lostInLimbo

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01-28-2019
09:51 AM

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@FortranFan Thanks for the

@FortranFan Thanks for the detailed explanation.

For more complete information about compiler optimizations, see our Optimization Notice.