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Segmentation fault for an array of derived data type

We came across a segmentation fault in our software that is written in Fortran90 and were unable to determine its cause. The error did not show with gfortran, but we can reproduce it with ifort 14.0, 15.0.2 and 16.0.2 on two different machines, one running Ubuntu, the other one running Scientific Linux. The segmentation fault occurs only if runtime checks are enabled, and only if the code is compiled with the -openmp (or -qopenmp) flag, and if OpenMP pragmas are present in the code (although at a line that was probably auto-parallelised, as it is outside all parallel regions). We also ran the program in Valgrind which gives a warning in the offending line, shown below.

The error occurs only if we declare a static array of a derived datatype (called typ_t) that has a large number of allocatable members inside it.

  type(typ_t), dimension(1) :: a    ! causes a segfault

Our first theory was that we are running out of stack space, so we used the -heap-arrays flag (which did not change anything) and increased the stack size (ulimit -s unlimted) and the OpenMP stack size (export OMP_STACKSIZE=100M), but still got the segmentation fault.
Strangely, if the number of allocatable members inside the derived datatype is large enough, the segmentation fault occurs if we use an array of size 1, but disappears if we just have a scalar variable of that type:

  type(typ_t) :: a     ! this works

This made us think that maybe it is the heap space that is exhausted, however making the array allocatable also made the problem disappear:

  type(typ_t), dimension(:), allocatable :: a
  allocate(a(1))     ! this works

The full code to reproduce this issue and the error and warning messages we receive are shown below.

program foo 
  use para_m
  implicit none
  type(typ_t), dimension(1) :: a 
  integer                   :: omp_threads
  !$OMP PARALLEL PRIVATE(omp_threads)


end program foo

module para_m

  type :: typ_t
     real(8), dimension(:),   allocatable :: b1      
     real(8), dimension(:),   allocatable :: b2 
     real(8), dimension(:),   allocatable :: b455 
     real(8), dimension(:),   allocatable :: b456 

  end type typ_t

end module para_m

  a) compile in debug mode: 
     - compilation output:
ifort -c ../src/L00_base/para_m.f90 -O0 -debug all -check all -traceback -g -r8 -qopenmp  -no-wrap-margin -heap-arrays 
ifort -c ../src/L10_program/foo.f90 -O0 -debug all -check all -traceback -g -r8 -qopenmp  -no-wrap-margin -heap-arrays 
ifort para_m.o foo.o  -o foo -O0 -debug all -check all -traceback -g -r8 -qopenmp  -no-wrap-margin -heap-arrays
    - runing the code results in the following:
           1           6
        forrtl: severe (174): SIGSEGV, segmentation fault occurred
Image              PC                Routine            Line        Source             
foo                000000000047C2F5  Unknown               Unknown  Unknown
foo                0000000000479F17  Unknown               Unknown  Unknown
foo                000000000042C9B4  Unknown               Unknown  Unknown
foo                000000000042C7C6  Unknown               Unknown  Unknown
foo                0000000000405669  Unknown               Unknown  Unknown
foo                0000000000408DC0  Unknown               Unknown  Unknown    00007F75AA2C17E0  Unknown               Unknown  Unknown
foo                0000000000403C68  MAIN__                     13  foo.f90
foo                00000000004035CE  Unknown               Unknown  Unknown          00007F75A9D38D5D  Unknown               Unknown  Unknown
foo                0000000000403469  Unknown               Unknown  Unknown

  b) compile with optimisation etc:
     - compilation output:
ifort -c ../src/L00_base/para_m.f90 -O3 -r8 -qopenmp -g  -no-wrap-margin -par-threshold10 -heap-arrays 
ifort -c ../src/L10_program/foo.f90 -O3 -r8 -qopenmp -g  -no-wrap-margin -par-threshold10 -heap-arrays 
ifort para_m.o foo.o  -o foo -O3 -r8 -qopenmp -g  -no-wrap-margin -par-threshold10 -heap-arrays
     - run result in no segf

The segmentation fault is gone when either of below changes is done:
1. when OMP pragmas are removed
2. number of allocatables inside typ_t is =< 456 (it segfaults for 457)
3. when 'a' is not an array, i.e.   type(typ_t) :: a 
4. when the declaration of 'a' is allocatable

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1 Reply

Thanks for your report. I was able to reproduce the behavior for 456 or more allocatable arrays in the derived type.

The problem seems to be triggered by the stack frame checking. If you add -check nostack to the end of your command line, it should work. (For simplicity, I had module and main in a single source file, and compiled and linked from a single command line). -check stack or -check all overrides the optimization level and sets it to -O0.

It looks like there's some interaction between setting up the stacks for OpenMP, the derived type instance going on the stack and the stack checking with -check stack. We'll escalate this to the compiler developers and see what they conclude.

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