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Calculate skew timing with Cyclone V and ksz9031

qwitza
Beginner
2,496 Views

hello,

i have troubles with the ethernet bandwith and retransmissions (ack). after some diagnostic i think it is an timing issue.

the wire length  from the fpga -> knz9031 is:

  mil mm m delay delay
RX_DV 1692,83 42,997882 4,30E-02 227,5E-12 228ps
RX_CLK 1649,35 41,89349 4,19E-02 221,7E-12 222ps
RXD0 1684,72 42,791888 4,28E-02 226,4E-12 226ps
RXD1 1648,24 41,865296 4,19E-02 221,5E-12 222ps
RXD2 1681 42,6974 4,27E-02 225,9E-12 226ps
RXD3 1677,12 42,598848 4,26E-02 225,4E-12 225ps
           
TX_EN 1625,87 41,297098 4,13E-02 218,5E-12 219ps
GTX_CLK 1629,75 41,39565 4,14E-02 219,0E-12 219ps
TXD0 1633,94 41,502076 4,15E-02 219,6E-12 220ps
TXD1 1657,65 42,10431 4,21E-02 222,8E-12 223ps
TXD2 1657,33 42,096182 4,21E-02 222,7E-12 223ps
TXD3 1655,12 42,040048 4,20E-02 222,4E-12 222ps

 

all wires are the same length, in every wire is an 22r resistor. the design is bought and not designed by us.

i found the following knowledge base entry:

https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/support/programmable/articles/000079123.html

=> TX_CLK to TXD/TX_CTL output data delay is specified as -0.85 to 0.15 ns

Datasheet 9031:
For the receive path (KSZ9031RNX to MAC), the KSZ9031RNX adds 1.2 ns typical delay to the RX_CLK output pin,
with respect to RX_DV and RXD[3:0] output pins.

 

We use kernel v4 with u-boot and devicetree, after a lot of measuring and test,

i got the best result with this skew timing:

&gmac1 {
	status = "okay";
	phy-mode = "rgmii";
  /* 0 bis 900*/
	rxd0-skew-ps = <420>;
	rxd1-skew-ps = <420>;
	rxd2-skew-ps = <420>;
	rxd3-skew-ps = <420>;
	rxdv-skew-ps = <420>;

	txd0-skew-ps = <360>;
	txd1-skew-ps = <360>;
	txd2-skew-ps = <360>;
	txd3-skew-ps = <360>;
	txen-skew-ps = <360>;
/* 0 bis 1860*/
	rxc-skew-ps = <1680>;
	txc-skew-ps = <1740>;

	max-frame-size = <3800>;
};

 

But how could i calculate the skew timing?

Which timing should be the best, with mathematics

 

Thanks

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35 Replies
Nurina
Employee
1,591 Views

Hello,


Thank you for using Intel Communities.

Please allow some time while I investigate your case.


Thanks,

Nurina


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Nurina
Employee
1,463 Views

Hi,


As far as I know, connecting it to an oscilloscope would be easiest. The calculation could be quite difficult.

Let me get back to you on the calculation method.


Regards,

Nurina



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qwitza
Beginner
1,437 Views

 

hi,

but it have to be possible to calculate the best timing,

or have i use really an oscilloscope for the timing?

our oscilloscope is too slow, for that speed

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Nurina
Employee
1,463 Views

Also, may I know where are you adding these skew timing code? Is this directly applied to the KSZ9031 to adjust the skew?


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qwitza
Beginner
1,437 Views

Hello,

we change the skew time in the device tree.

i think that it is applied, because the transfer speed and the retransmission error change with.

 

thanks a lot

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Nurina
Employee
1,401 Views

Hi,


I'm still waiting for a response from our internal team regarding the calculation. I'll let you know once I receive updates.


Regards,

Nurina


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Nurina
Employee
1,379 Views

Hello,


I'm still waiting for internal team's response. I'll let you know of any updates.


Regards,

Nurina


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Nurina
Employee
1,355 Views

Hello,


I'm still waiting for internal team's response. I'll let you know of any updates.


Regards,

Nurina


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qwitza
Beginner
1,350 Views

Hello,

k i am still waiting

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Nurina
Employee
1,322 Views

Hello,


Are you using KSZ9031MNX or KSZ9031RNX?


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qwitza
Beginner
1,272 Views

Hello,

we are using the KSZ9031RNX.

thanks

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Nurina
Employee
1,320 Views

Also, just to confirm- you have already adjusted the skew setting on the PHY and you have found the best result from there?

So now you want a method to calculate the best skew timing for confirmation? How did you know the adjustment gave the best result in the first place?


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qwitza
Beginner
1,272 Views

Hello,

in the first run, we just try different values and measured the data rate.

afte we ve more concerned with the topic, we found the information about calculating the delay.

and now we are not sure how we get the values.

 

i think with all the information from the first post, it should be possible to get the best delay settings.

but the fpga need some special settings

https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/support/programmable/articles/000079123.html 

 

thanks

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Nurina
Employee
1,284 Views

Hello,


Can you provide some updates?

I cannot get any confirmation with internal team on the best skew calculation.

But the normal practice is to start with measuring a working window, get the min and max skews then use the midpoint and fine tune it as you wish. I think you have done this already.


If it is working on the hardware then it should be fine.


Regards,

Nurina


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qwitza
Beginner
1,269 Views

hello,

but how about the wire length?

sould be the resistor considered?

how would be the "best" timing for our board?

thanks

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Nurina
Employee
1,247 Views

Hi,


We have a simulation board skew tool, this could help you calculate the best skew. https://www.intel.sg/content/www/xa/en/support/programmable/support-resources/design-guidance/board-developer.html


Regards,

Nurina


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qwitza
Beginner
1,237 Views

Hi,

thanks again for your answer, but the skew parameter tool is only for the memory interface.

there is no option for the cyclone v and no option for the rgmii interface.

also it considered not the https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/support/programmable/articles/000079123.html  from the cyclone v and the rgmii interface.

i thought there is an intel employee who know how to calculate the desired skew values for the rgmii interface? all neccessary information at post #1.

 

thanks again

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Nurina
Employee
1,220 Views

Hello,


Let me consult an RGMII expert on this.

I'll let you know of any updates.


Regards,

Nurina


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Nurina
Employee
1,204 Views

Hello,


Can you share your .qar file? You can also send it through e-mail if it is confidential.


Regards,

Nurina


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qwitza
Beginner
1,193 Views

hi,

thanks again for your answer.

i ve to wait until monday, because i need my collegue.

we ve to send it via e-mail, where can i found your e-mail address?

thanks

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