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Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
3,290 Views

Cyclone V won't configure via active serial

I have a Cyclone V design (5CSEBA5) that I am trying to configure using a EPCQ128 device 

 

I have created a .sof file that I can load into the FPGA directly (Jtag USB Blaster) and it works fine (blinks my user debug LED) 

 

I have tried to take that same .sof file and create the file to program the EPCQ128, but I am not sure I am going about this the right way. 

 

I used the "Convert programming file" program with the following settings 

 

Programming File Type = Jtag Indirect Configuration file 

Configuration device = EPCQ128 

Mode = Active Serial x 4 

File name = output_fille.jic 

create memory file and create config data boxes are NOT checked 

under "input files to convert" there are: 

 

Flash Loader 

5CEBA5 

SOF Data 

romulus.sof 

 

 

The romulus.sof file is the same one that I can load directly and get my blinking LED 

 

I generate the file, then use the stand alone programmer. I autodetect the FPGA, then "attach" the EPCQ128 

 

In the box for assigning the files I select the EPCQ128 and "change" the file (I discovered that you MUST change the file, not "add"!) to point to the jic file just created. 

 

I check the box for programming the EPCQ128 and click start. The FPGA programs with the "factory default SLF" image and the it erases and programs the EPCQ128.  

 

I can verify the EPQC128, so everything looks okay. 

 

But then I power cycle and expect the FPGA to configure from the flash device, but it fails. 

 

I have the MSEL[4:0] pins set to 10011 (standard active serial). I have also tried 10010, for FAST AS.  

 

I can probe the pins on the EPCQ128 and I see: 

 

DCLK is going at about 80 MHz. 

nCSO is mostly low, with a short pulse high every 175ms 

The four data pins are toggling 

 

The nCE pin to the FPGA is tied low 

NCONFIG and NSTATUS are pulled high (10K) - (addition: Nstatus does get asserted low every 175 ms) 

Config_done drives a FET which in turn drives an LED. This circuit works as expected when I program the FPGA directly via JTAG 

 

 

I figure that the basic JTAG connection to the FPGA is okay as I can configure it directly and it appears I can program the FLASH device through it. 

 

The connections between the FPGA and serial FLASH device appears to be proper because I can program and verify the FLASH 

 

I am suspecting that I didn't create the .jic file properly but I don't know what to do different. 

 

I am using a .jic file because that is the only format that the programmer will allow me to select for the file that will get programmed into the attached flash device. 

 

I would really appreciate any help here!  

 

Rod
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12 Replies
Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
284 Views

 

Hi Rod, 

 

Try with below options 

Tick memory file check box while generating .jic file.(To generate output_file.map) 

The .map file contains starting and ending addresses for boot code, configuration page data, and application code. 

 

Or 

 

1.Check the pin nConfig and nStatus in reset state it should be high state. 

2.Is it development board/custom board? 

  • If it is custom board: Do you have any hardware/IC in path on nSTATUS and CONF_DONE (like line driver / TRX).
 

3.Is there any configuration in board available to select the different sectors of the flash to load different program? 

4.Try to load .jic or .pof using flash loader. 

5.Erase EEPROM and try to program. 

 

Best Regards, 

Anand Raj Shankar 

(This message was posted on behalf of Intel Corporation) 

 

Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
284 Views

If you can configure your device via JTAG then there is no problem with any of the device's configuration pins - nCONFIG, nSTATUS, nCE, CONF_DONE, INIT_DONE. So, you can ignore these. 

 

I suspect, like you, you're creating your .jic file incorrectly. 

 

Refer to "how do i create a jtag indirect configuration file (.jic) file with my nios ii hardware and software image? (https://www.altera.com/support/support-resources/knowledge-base/solutions/rd10132010_126.html)". 

 

You can ignore steps 1 to 3 and 11, they're required if you want to boot your Nios software from EPCS too. Start at line 4. Ignore the references to map & hex files in step 12. 

 

You should then be able to select your .jic file from within the Quartus programmer and configure your device. 

 

Cheers, 

Alex
Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
284 Views

I have (hopefully) attached a screen shot of the Convert Programming File setup that I used. I am not seeing the attachment in the "preview" but it says it is attached so maybe it will appear. 

 

 

 

--- Quote Start ---  

 

 

Try with below options 

Tick memory file check box while generating .jic file.(To generate output_file.map) 

 

 

--- Quote End ---  

 

 

Okay, this is what the map file says: 

 

BLOCK        START ADDRESS        END ADDRESS 

 

Page_0        0x00000000        0x006AEBCF 

 

 

Configuration device: 5CSEBA5 

Configuration mode: Active Serial x4 

Quad-Serial configuration device dummy clock cycle: 12 

 

 

Notes: 

 

- Data checksum for this conversion is 0x99FF6008 

 

- All the addresses in this file are byte addresses 

 

 

--- Quote Start ---  

 

 

1.Check the pin nConfig and nStatus in reset state it should be high state. 

2.Is it development board/custom board? 

  • If it is custom board: Do you have any hardware/IC in path on nSTATUS and CONF_DONE (like line driver / TRX).
 

3.Is there any configuration in board available to select the different sectors of the flash to load different program? 

 

 

--- Quote End ---  

 

 

 

nConfig is pulled high via a 10K resistor. I tried configuring the FPGA directly from JTAG, started with my LED blinking (indicating that the FPGA is configured and working), the CONFIG_DONE output asserted (I have this connected to a LED so I can monitor it easily). Then I momentarily grounded the nConfig signal. The CONFIG_DONE signal was negated and my LED stopped blinking. It did NOT reconfigure from the serial FLASH as I expected. 

 

The nStatus signal is mostly High, but it does get asserted briefly every 175 ms, which I believe is when the FPGA starts over on the configuration process. 

 

This in a custom board, not a development board.  

I have tried this on two different boards, the result is the same. 

 

 

 

--- Quote Start ---  

 

 

4.Try to load .jic or .pof using flash loader. 

5.Erase EEPROM and try to program. 

 

 

--- Quote End ---  

 

 

 

I am not sure what you mean by loading the .pof 

Is there some other means of loading the serial flash? 

 

I have tried erasing the FLASH and trying over many times. I can program, erase and verify the flash using the USB Blaster, that all appears to work fine. 

 

I am also attaching the screen shot from the stand alone programmer. I made sure to note that the checksum reported by the programmer matches the checksum reported in the map file. 

 

 

https://www.alteraforum.com/forum/attachment.php?attachmentid=14376
Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
284 Views

 

Hi Rod, 

 

1.Can you try by selecting Memory Map File check box (which is checked by default Don't Change). 

 

In .JIC file we already have/integrated serial flash loader so that it can communicate to flash. 

In .pof file we don't have serial flash loader, So we need to create serial flash loader and load(.sof) first. and then program .pof. 

 

Refer below link for the flash programming 

 

https://www.altera.com/content/dam/altera-www/global/en_us/pdfs/literature/an/an370.pdf 

 

Best Regards, 

Anand Raj Shankar 

(This message was posted on behalf of Intel Corporation)
Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
284 Views

 

--- Quote Start ---  

 

 

 

1.Can you try by selecting Memory Map File check box (which is checked by default Don't Change). 

 

 

--- Quote End ---  

 

 

As I mentioned above, I did click the box to get the map. See the text in blue from my previous post. 

Would checking this box have any effect other than creating the map file? I have NOT tried programming the FLASH since I created the map file. 

 

 

 

--- Quote Start ---  

 

 

 

In .JIC file we already have/integrated serial flash loader so that it can communicate to flash. 

In .pof file we don't have serial flash loader, So we need to create serial flash loader and load(.sof) first. and then program .pof. 

 

 

--- Quote End ---  

 

 

 

I will give that a try. Unfortunately, I am about an hour away from where the prototype system is so I can't just go run into a lab and test it quickly. I will drive over there later this afternoon and try this out. 

 

Rod
Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
284 Views

I'm concerned you have a signal integrity issue. Everything you're doing is correct. Are you confident it'll run at 80MHz? nSTATUS (and nCONFIG?) being asserted every 175ms is consistent with it restarting - in x4 mode at 80MHz your device should have completely configured in that time. So, this seems to be a new attempt being made by the FPGA to configure. 

 

You could monitor nSTATUS. If this ever goes low during delivery of the configuration data it indicates an error. (Note: nSTATUS also follows nCONFIG low at the start of the configuration cycle.) 

 

Try slowing the configuration clock (DCLK) frequency - reduce it to minimum. "altera enhanced configuration devices (https://www.altera.com/en_us/pdfs/literature/hb/cfg/ch_14_vol_2.pdf)" discusses this and shows how this is done. 

 

Cheers, 

Alex
Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
284 Views

Anand : I tried using .jic files created with the "Memory Map File" box checked. No difference. 

 

I also tried all combinations (4) in the "advanced" settings for "Disable ID check" and "Disable Error Check". No difference in operation 

 

Alex: 

 

I originally had the MSEL pins set for "FAST" mode of Active Serial. I tried changing it to Standard mode and now the clock rate is ~40 MHz. No difference in the operation. 

 

I am not aware of any way to slow it down below that. I am using the "Active" serial mode, not the passive so I don't have the options that the "Enhanced" devices offer. 

 

 

Can anyone tell me what the significant difference is between the EPCQ128 and EPCQ128A FLASH parts are? I am using the 'non A' version, should I try the A? 

 

Rod
Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
284 Views

Refer to the 'DATA Clock' paragraphs of the 'Active Serial Configuration' section in the "cyclone v device handbook (https://www.altera.com/content/dam/altera-www/global/en_us/pdfs/literature/hb/cyclone-v/cv_5v2.pdf)" - page 7-18. 

 

 

--- Quote Start ---  

you can choose a 12.5, 25, 50, or 100 MHz clock under the Device and Pin Options dialog box, in the Configuration page of the Intel Quartus Prime software. 

--- Quote End ---  

 

 

The FPGA always initially clocks at 12.5MHz until it reaches a particular point in the bitstream where, if indicated, it changes to a faster speed. 

 

Cheers, 

Alex
Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
284 Views

okay, I have tried it with the clock speed set to 12.5 MHz. The DCLK frequency is now 9.8 MHz. 

 

It still doesn't configure. 

 

As I understand it, the FPGA must be reading at least some of the configuration data, otherwise it wouldn't have kept the clock rate at the lowest setting. 

 

Is there any way to establish how far it gets before a problem occurs? 

 

Rod
Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
284 Views

The data stream could be erroring. In which case you'd see nSTATUS going off early. You can calculate how long it should take to configure given the image size, configuration clock speed and config data width. If nSTATUS goes off before it's finished you have an error. 

 

I'd also question the integrity of the power rails. Is something else switching on whilst the FPGA is configuring, causing one of the rails the FPGA depends on to dip? This might cause the FPGA's configuration state machine to reset and start again. Is something happening 175ms in, when you said nSTATUS is asserted low? If this was still happening having reduced the configuration clock speed it would indicate it's not necessarily FPGA related. 

 

Cheers, 

Alex
Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
284 Views

I'm having the same problem, did you resolve this?

Altera_Forum
Honored Contributor I
284 Views

 

--- Quote Start ---  

I'm having the same problem, did you resolve this? 

--- Quote End ---  

 

 

Yes. 

 

It turned out to be a circuit problem: I didn't have a pull-up on the config_done signal. Once I added the pull up everything worked properly.
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