All other product families supported by Quartus Standard can use Signal Probe. Also the 18.1 Quartus Standard User Guide says "The Signal Probe feature supports the Arria series, Cyclone series, MAX II, and Stratix series device families."
I would broadly interpret that as older Arria device families: Arria, Arria II, Arria V.
I didn't realize that SP doesn't work with A10 in Standard.
Are we talking about the same thing? SP in Pro is the same (incremental routing through Rapid Recompile) except that there's currently no GUI (no Signal Probe IP):
As for SP with A10 in Standard, yes, probably the document should make it clear.
On Quartus Prime standard, Signal Probe support is built upon Rapid Recompile feature. For Quartus Standard version, Rapid Recompile is only supported for Stratix V, Arria V and Cyclone V devices as you can see on the following comparison table between software editions.
As Rapid Recompile is not enabled for Arria 10 family on Quartus Prime standard.
Any reason that you like to use this feature? What I can do is submit an enhancement to the developer to bring back this feature. But it will be on the Pro edition of Quartus as our developer are now focusing much on the Pro ediiton development.
Depending on what requirement you have. you can look into the https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/programmable/documentation/spj1513986956763.html -> 1.1. Selecting an Intel Quartus Prime Software Edition
However, as mention, the engineering will focus most of the development now in pro ediiton. Unless the issue is critical, the engineering will not prioritize on that.
For the documentation, are you referring to the https://www.intel.com/content/dam/www/programmable/us/en/pdfs/literature/hb/qts/qts_qii53008.pdf. Let me know if I got the incorrect link.