Intel TBB has threads. In fact, it maintains a thread pool that by default is created with one thread per processing element. What you're seeing with the "better than threads" comments is a desire to shift the focus off those threads and onto the actual work the developer is trying to accomplish. Threads are a construct tied to the particular hardware your program is running upon. "Tasks" are units of work that canbe described without reference to the underlying threads. There's an intendedphilosophy shift towards thinking about the work, not the workers, and to leave worker management to the library. And now that Threading Building Blocks has been provided to the open source community, you can download the code and see how it works for yourself.
I don't know much about linking to Python, but a quick scan of the Python/C API reference manual suggests to me that the relationship between Python and its C extensions is fine grained and tightly coupled. My first concern about integrating a TBB managed module into this environment would be thethread safety of that environment. TBB has its own concurrent containers because the STL versions are not thread-safe. Are there similar issues with Python data structures? Consider reference counts. TBB offers an atomic
Given these sorts of questions, I would be very careful about attempting such an integration. Though it may not match the philosophy of embedded C in Python, I'd start with aself-contained plug-in that exposes parallel programming through its use ofTBB to complete some specific computationally intense task and doesn't rely on Python object structures intervening in that computation.