For a very simple project, compilation process in "Quartus Prime Pro" for "Stratix 10" lasts about 10 minutes, while a compilation of the same project for "MAX 10" in Quartus Standard Edition takes only 18 seconds.
What needs to be changed in "Quartus Prime Pro" settings to speed up a compilation process if I don't need a complex analysis but I only need a quick and not optimal build for tests?
Generally, there many ways you can change manually in order to speed the compilation process. Refer to link below for details. Document below shows configurations and steps depending on your need. Easily way for setting if you dont want to manually change it is to enable Aggressive Compile Time (Reduces the compile time required to implement the design with reduced effort and fewer performance optimizations). Go to Assignment --> Setting --> Compiler setting --> Optimization mode --> select (desired optimization mode,refer to link below for type of opt mode). Hopefully it helps.
p60- Optimization mode
p84- Reducing compilation time